What is the best time to visit Masai Mara?

The Masai Mara National Reserve or simply The Mara, is Kenya’s most popular destination for safaris and tours attracting hundreds of thousands of tourists every year to enjoy the African savannah and see lots of animals, and for many to witness the Great Migration

The time you decide for the safari trip to the Mara will affect the kind of wildlife experience you will have in the Mara. Depending on what you want to experience or see, it is important to know the best time to go.

Below I will discuss points to consider when deciding the best time for you visit the Mara…

So, what is the best time to visit the Masai Mara for your best safari & bush experience?

The great migration season (June – Oct)

The great migration time is probably the best time for a safari in the Mara. During the migration season, a stampede of millions of animals comprising of wildebeest, zebra, and antelopes cross over from the Serengeti of Tanzania into the Masai Mara in Kenya

The migration starts arriving into the Mara in June with a few numbers trickling, and the numbers keep swelling well through July and by August the entire landscape of the migration route is covered by wildebeests and zebras. It is such a sight!

If your target is the migration, then June – October is the best time to visit the Mara, July – August sees the biggest numbers of the animals but this is also the peak tourism season with lots of tourists in the park.

Best time to see the big cats in the Mara (Cats are better seen after migration)

Masai Mara is rich in big cats including lions, leopard, hyena, and cheetah. It is probably the best place lions and leopards in Kenya..

Are lions best seen during the migration?

There is the assumption that the lions and other cats can best be seen during the great migration because there is easy prey for them. True, there is easy prey for them and so they do not struggle to find what to eat. However, this also means they do not move widely in search for prey. They find prey easily, and have their stomachs full most of the time and so spend the days lazing under thickets with less movements… Sneaking on idle lions tucked away under thickets is not probably your ideal lion sighting?

Best time to see cats is not during the migration

When the migration is gone from the Mara there is a reduced amount of prey for the cats which forces the lions and other cats to move widely and actively to hunt the remnant zebras, wildebeest and antelope. The lions will also try their luck on the big animals such as the giraffes and elephants. It is therefore easier to find lions in action or on the move in the Mara when there is scarcity of prey.

Want that once in a lifetime opportunity to see lions stalking and taking on a buffalo or an antelope? Well, the best chance could be that time with less prey in the Mara when the migration is long gone.

Elephants are displaced by the migration

The Mara has massive herds of elephants and seeing them match through the plains is quite satisfying. If your favorite animal is the elephant and wish for the best sightings of the massive tuskers and their little ones, then it is best to visit the Mara after the migration has left.

The Elephants are irritated by the constant “groaning” sound of the wildebeests and therefore will try to keep as far away from them as possible. Elephants move to the hills and the thickets where they can enjoy peace away from the noise of the migration ‘horde’.

However, note that you can’t see miss elephant sightings on any day including during the migration, but the best sightings is without the migration in the Mara.

Wet season vs Dry season

When planning to visit Masai Mara it is important to know whether it will be a wet/rainy season or dry season in Kenya.

The dry season is June, July, August and September. During this time the days are sunny with little chances of rainfall. The dry season is also the great migration season which is a good coincidence. The advantage of the dry season is you will enjoy the warmth of the sun. The drive tracks are dry and therefore you can easily cover all the corners of the park even without a 4X4 jeep. The disadvantage is that there are huge crowds of tourists in the park that causes competition at sightings. The drive tracks are also dusty which can lead to flue and lung infections for those with sensitive breathing systems.

Note that July is the coldest month of the year with very chilly mornings. If you want warmer weather you may not visit in July.

The wet season is from October to May. The most rains though are experienced in March, April & May with nearly daily rains. The wet season brings challenges in covering the park especially during the long rains of March to April. But the scenery is at its best with lush green plains  and hills. Animals are also less mobile providing great sightings. The cats that tuck away under thickets during the dry season to shelter from the sun are now out in the open yearning for warmth. The rivers are filled with gushing water and if you are staying at a lodge/camp along a river your experience will be enhanced. The wet season also sees fewer tourists which is a good time if you want less competition at sightings.

Is Amboseli Kenya the best place to see the Kilimanjaro Mountain of Tanzania

View of Kili from Amboseli

Tanzania’s Kilimanjaro Mountain is popularly referred to as the “Roof of Africa” because it is the tallest mountain in Africa reaching a height of 5,895m (19,341ft) above sea level. It is also the tallest free-standing mountain in the world.

Kilimanjaro is the most popular mountain hiking and climbing destination in Africa attracting tens of thousands of hiking enthusiasts every year who take on the challenge of trekking to the highest spot in Africa, the snowcapped Uhuru peak.

Many who cannot hike Kili look forward to catching a glimpse of the roof of Africa and taking this iconic photo during their safari trip, and, indeed the world’s tallest free-standing mountain is quite a sight to behold, as this massive conic structure with a white crest (snow) elevates above the African plains that are home to the big five and towers through the floating clouds pushed by the monsoon winds blowing from the coastal Indian Ocean.

The controversy of the best place to see Mount Kilimanjaro…

The Kilimanjaro is located in Tanzania near the border with Kenya. Therefore, you can see the Kilimanjaro Mountain from Kenya as well. One of the places in Kenya that will give you a brilliant view of the mountain is the Amboseli National Park, so much so that Kenyans have convinced travelers that Kenya is the best place to see the Mount Kilimanjaro, of course to the ire of the Tanzanians who have the mountain.

But, is it true that you will get the best views of Mt. Kilimanjaro from Kenya/Amboseli? Well to appreciate this question you need to know the two sides (or call them faces) of Mount Kilimanjaro.

Understanding the two sides of Kilimanjaro Mountain..

There is the windward side of mountain Kilimanjaro which receives more rain because the winds blow from this side. This side of the mountain is very lush with heavy vegetation and forests. This windward side faces Tanzanian mainland.

Meanwhile the other side of the mountain is the leeward side or rain shadow that receives less rains because the winds loose most of the moisture on the windward side before reaching the leeward side. The land on the leeward side is therefore largely of dry semi-arid plains. This is the side of the mountain that faces Kenya mainland and the epitome of its effect is the Amboseli national park which is a dusty plain in the foothills below the Kilimanjaro

The windward side in Tanzania does not provide the clearest views of the whole mountain due to the vegetation, while the leeward side provides sweeping views of the Kili.

Amboseli in Kenya is arguably the best place to see the roof Africa.

Comparing Masai Mara and Amboseli National Park– which is better for safaris in Kenya

Comparing the safari experience of Masai Mara National Reserve and the Amboseli National Park may seem like a farfetched idea, but it is not, at least not for someone who has explored these two amazing parks many times across different seasons.

But, if you ask most safari goers fresh from a safari trip to Kenya, that, which is the best place to visit for the safari tour in Kenya? Most if not all, will tell you in an instant it is only Masai Mara and nowhere else, but chances are they went to just that one park or they visited Kenya during the great migration season (June – Oct) and were simply blown away by this natural phenomenon in the Mara.

So, in this article I attempt to compare these two parks that seem incomparable. However, it is not because I want to create a bias in you for one of the two parks, but simply try to make you appreciate both parks.

So, the question again, how does Masai Mara and Amboseli compare when it comes to game and wildlife experiences? Which destination would give you the best safari in Kenya?

Game drives and other activities for seeing animals

The game drive or safari drive is the main activity for exploring the African bush to see animals and other wildlife in the parks. All game drives are done in safari cars which can be a jeep/truck or van, and both of them basically have a popup roof for you to stand in the car and have a 360 view of the bush so that you will not miss anything.

So, how do the games in Masai Mara and Amboseli compare?

The Mara is quite vast and much bigger than Amboseli, and is made of vast grasslands which are not hard to explore. The drive tracks in the Mara are longer and cover nearly all corners of the park. So you can have many game drives in the Mara and not get tired and each day would bring a new experience with different sightings. If you want to spend more time in the African bush and not get bored it is therefore the best park in Kenya.

On the other hand, Amboseli National Park is a small park and most animals concentrate around marshes and wetlands, especially during the dry season. It is therefore much easier to find and see most animals in Amboseli as the drive tracks go along the marshes where the animals are a few meters from you. Amboseli being small means it is easier to explore than Masai Mara and in a single day can cover all parts. If you want a quick safari in Kenya to see as much wildlife as possible then Amboseli is a better option than the Mara.

Additional activities to do

Apart from the game drive, additional activities you can do in Masai Mara to improve your game experience include the balloon safaris offered throughout the reserve and in conservancies, walking safaris which are offered in the private conservancies around the Mara, horseback riding also offered in some conservancies

Meanwhile, additional activities in Amboseli include the balloon safaris.

Amount of wildlife you can tick off during the safari

The Mara has a bigger volume of wildlife, but because of the vastness of the plains and migration which displaces some wildlife, you might miss seeing some wildlife unless if you stay longer in the reserve.
On the other hand, animals in Amboseli concentrate around the marshes which makes spotting more wildlife in the shortest period of life.

Which park gives the best sightings of lions?

lion in Mara
A lion in the shade of a shrub a few feet away in the Mara

The Mara by far is the best place to see lions in Kenya. There is no chance of missing lions in Masai Mara, in fact, the Mara is all about how many prides you have spotted by the end of the day. You can see as many as 5 prides on a single day’s safari drive. You will see lions under a thicket hiding from the scotching sun, in the plains scanning for prey, under a tree or shrub tearing up a kill, or by the river banks taking a sip in the water after feasting on a delicious antelope.

Meanwhile Amboseli too offers high chances of sighting lions but there is also a possibility of missing them because they tend to hide in the bushes around the marshes. Or the views may be a bit distant. But also, on a good day you can get the best up-close views of the lions if you are lucky to find them just by the edge of a swamp or lake.

Best sightings of other big cats – leopard, hyena, cheetah

Hyenas in Amboseli
Amboseli is hyena country

Leopard – Leopards are difficult to find everywhere because of their solitary nature. The Mara offers the best chances of seeing them. Unlikely to see on in Amboseli
Hyena – Amboseli is Hyena country! You can’t miss them. Due to the vastness of the Mara plains you will need a bit of luck to encounter a hyena pride.
Cheetah – The Mara provides good chances of seeing cheetahs. It is actually easier to see cheetahs than leopards in the Mara. Meanwhile I am not even sure there are cheetahs in the Amboseli.

Birds and birding

The Mara and Amboseli are excellent birding destinations hosting many species. Either park may be a favorite for you depending on which species you are looking forward. The Mara is great for grassland birds, and especially birds of prey. Meanwhile Amboseli’s marshes and swamps provide great water birding in addition to other habitats.

On a birding outing where you want to tick off as many birds as possible, Amboseli is simply a birding haven! The Marshes and swamps provide such up-close views of so many wetland birds from a few meters away. In addition to the wetlands, the savannah and woodlands of Amboseli provide may special birds of the semi-arid region. Amboseli provides the best chances of sighting the Taveta Golden Weaver, an East African endemic.


View of Kili from Amboseli

The dry dusty plain of the Amboseli, strolled by huge herds of elephants marching towards a water source in one of the many wetlands fed with water by underground rivers originating from the towering Kilimanjaro mountains in the background covered with white snow, is a sight to behold! The scenery of Amboseli is surreal and cannot be experienced anywhere else.

The 2022 Ebola Outbreak in Uganda – what is the situation and is it still safe to visit?

As we come to the end of the month of September 2022 Uganda has confirmed an Ebola outbreak in the country. This comes at the time the country was picking its self up from the ruins of more than two years of the covid 19 pandemic that, like in the rest of the world, had brought life to a standstill, and has caused such havoc in the livelihoods of the people of Uganda. There could not be have been a worse time than now for another deadly virus to come knocking.

The Uganda Ebola situation so far – cases and areas affected

As of the September 28, it has been announced a total of 23 Ebola cases have been confirmed and from these 5 deaths registered. However, it has also been established that tens of people could have already succumbed to the virus from as far back as last August (last month) after the current Ebola victims from the community have revealed that their kin died from a similar illness and were buried without knowing the cause of the death.

As of September 2022, Ebola cases have been confirmed in the Districts of Mubende, Kasanda and Kyegegwa. All these are located towards the western region of Uganda.

The strain of Ebola virus causing this outbreak in Uganda has been identified as the Sudan ebolavirus. This is a less transmissible strain than the Zaire Ebolavirus that caused a recent epidemic in the eastern region (Kivu) of Democratic Republic of Congo.

Uganda is no stranger to Ebola outbreaks and has had several outbreaks before. Many of the outbreaks are usually a spillover from the neighboring Democratic Republic of Congo that has suffered frequent Ebola epidemics, and is currently still grappling with one. These spillovers into Uganda have mostly been managed and never resulted in a full-blown Ebola epidemic in Uganda.

The last Ebola outbreak in Uganda was about a decade ago (2014) and only about 100 cases were recorded with just 53 deaths registered.

From the previous Ebola outbreaks the Ugandan health system and its population have developed the capacity to manage the outbreaks. And, this gained experience from managing Ebola came in handy during the Covid 19 pandemic when the country was able to manage the pandemic and thus recording very few deaths in comparison to many other countries, including those with far superior health infrastructure.

The hope is that the current Ebola outbreak in Uganda will also be managed and the spread swiftly arrested.

Also, with the current Covid 19 SOPs (which can apply to Ebola) that many people have been accustomed to and many still adhere to, there is a lot of optimism that the current Ebola outbreak will not manifest into a countrywide epidemic.

Planning to visit Uganda, is it safe even when there is a reported Ebola outbreak?

We are coming to the end of the peak tourism (June – Sept) when many people book vacations to Uganda to go gorilla trekking, chimpanzee trekking, safari in Murchison Falls National Park, and do many other tours in Uganda the pearl of Africa. Many who are traveling to Uganda soon for their trips could be pondering if it is really safe to visit Uganda with this announcement of an Ebola outbreak? As a resident in Uganda, I can confidently say it is safe. The hotspots of the outbreak have been identified and the health system is doing well to contain the spread. The affected areas are far from the activity destinations. Ebola may also have a reputation of being deadly because of a high fatality rate, and it indeed arouses fear by the thought of it. However, it is not easily transmissible. The last outbreak in the country a decade ago had just about 100 individuals infected.

Unless if a full-blown Ebola epidemic across the country happens, which would take several months to happen, Uganda is safe to visit in the short term.

It is also easy to protect from Ebola, as only symptomatic cases can transmit, and transmission is through body fluids hence basic social distancing and washing of hands would be sufficient for protection.

A brief about the Ebola virus/disease

The Ebola virus which causes the Ebola Virus Disease, spreads when one comes into contact with body fluids from an infected person or animal. The symptoms of the Ebola virus infection present between 2 days to 21 days, and some of these are: headaches, sore throat, muscle pain, high temperature or fever, vomiting, diarrhea, yellowing of the eyes.

The Ebola virus can stay in the body for up to 21 days without showing any symptoms.

An infected individual that does not show symptoms (Asymptomatic) does not spread the virus, a contrast to the covid 19 virus where an asymptomatic person can still spread.

Why is Ebola dangerous?

The Ebola virus is dangerous because it has a high fatality rate of about 50%, way higher than that of Covid 19 disease which is about 10%.

Why you may not fear Ebola?

The Ebola virus is not very infectious as compared to the covid 19. The Ebola virus spreads through direct contact with body fluids of an infected individual. It is not airborne like the covid 19 (sars-cov-2) virus. With washing hands and basic social distance

Is there a cure to the Ebola Virus Disease?

There is no cure for the Ebola disease. It is treated by therapeutics to support one’s good immune system that would help beat the disease. Much like the covid 19 situation.

Is there an Ebola vaccine?

Yes, vaccines against Ebola have been successfully made but are not readily available. One of the vaccines include rVSV-ZEVOB produced in the USA and has recently been used in the DR Congo.

Note that the strain of Ebola virus in the current outbreak in Uganda is the Sudan ebolavirus which has no vaccine. The vaccine rVSV-ZEVOB is for the Zaire ebolavirus in the Democratic Republic of Congo. Research shows the strain Sudan ebolavirus is less transmissible than the Zaire ebolavirus, this offers a bit of relief.

What kids can do when adults go gorilla trekking in Rwanda

Planning an African safari that will include the famous gorilla trekking in Rwanda is a big challenge for families, or parents that will be traveling with children/kids. This is because the gorilla trekking in Rwanda has an age limit, that is, only persons aged 16 years and above can do the trek. There is no exception as long as an individual is not aged 16 years and above, she or he would not be allowed to track the gorillas in Rwanda.

One may ask, why are children not allowed to participate gorilla trekking in Rwanda?

Children (below 16 years) are not allowed to go tracking the gorillas for reasons such as;

  • they may not have the physical energy to climb the mountains. The trek can be physically demanding as it can take many hours or even a full day of climbing the mountains to find the gorillas.
  • children are susceptible to communicable diseases such as cough which can easily spread to the gorillas, and
  • there is also the fear that children do not have the maturity to remain calm or behave appropriately around the gorillas in situations when the gorillas become agitated or moody. Children may also not have the discipline to adhere to the trekking rules…because kids are kids!

So, parents who will be traveling with their children are always concerned about what their kids will be doing when they (parents) are away for a full day trekking in the mountains to see the gorillas.

Some parents want an activity the kids will enjoy to compensate for missing out on the exciting gorilla adventure. Other parents are concerned about who will manage or take care of their children in their absence and if they can trust those people.

In this article I discuss what options are available for children when adults are tracking gorillas in Rwanda.

Nature walk in Buhanga forest

Buhanga forest is a small patch of forest not very far from the Virunga mountains in Musanze district. The forest has a huge cultural and historical significancy to Rwanda. It is said to hold the origins of the nation Rwanda. The forest provides a nice nature walk through several species of trees. A child, say 10 years old and more, can learn so much from the nature walk including the different types of trees, birds, geography of the area and also the historical traditions attached to the forest. The walking trail also goes through a cave which offers a nice ancient experience.

Village walk near the park

A child can be taken for a guided walk in the village to see rural Rwanda and learn how other people live, see gardens and about how different crops are grown, etc…

Biking in the villages

For biking enthusiasts, bikes are available even for kids as young as 10 and can go on a guided biking adventure through Musanze to the villages and enjoy the views of the rolling landscape. Neat village paths and paved roads that are safe are available in Musanze. One can take a biking trip to the twin lakes, Mukungwa river or a wetland.

Play kids games at the lodge

Kids can be kept busy at the lodge by engaging in kids’ games, painting and drawing challenges. Most upmarket lodges do have these options available to kids.